FASHION + BEAUTY : A-Z guide for acne skin

Antioxidants - They neutralise free radicals to keep the skin supple and growing. The body gets its supply of antioxidants from fresh fruits and vegetables. Most commonly known antioxidants include vitamins A, C and E, mineral copper, selenium and zinc.

Baking Soda - An effective home remedy for acne. Mix it with water to form a paste, apply it to skin in circular motion, leave on for few minutes, rinse off and apply moisturiser. Baking soda removes bacteria and tightens pores. Can be used daily, unless you have sensitive skin.

Ps : if you want to find acne treatment go for product that contain benzoyl peroxide.

Chocolate - Contrary to popular belief, chocolate on its own does not cause acne, but a bad diet with too much sugar and fat can affect hormones, which in turn can affect sebum production and cause acne.

Dry Skin - According to experts, it's important to understand that though there is sebum overproduction, the skin between the glands may be moisture deprived. That's why someone with dry and acne-prone skin should address the moisturisation problem as well as the acne problem.

Exercise - With skin being the largest organ of the body, exercise brings enormous benefits, such as increased circulation, delivery of nutrients to skin cells, and removing potentially damaging toxins via sweat. Workout also correct hormonal imbalances by producing less male-type hormones that contribute to acne flare-ups.

Facts and Figures - People of all races get acne : most common in teens and young adult between ages of 12-24. Women with a lot of body facial hair, and those who have irregular periods, may be at increased risk of acne too.

Genetics - Acne seems to be hereditary. If your mother had more acne, you are more likely to have more severe acne. If your parents did not have severe acne at all, you are less likely to suffer from greater acne.

Hormones - The hormones related to acne are androgens, found in both sexes, but generally higher in men. When levels are out of balance, the oil glands over-produce, resulting in acne. This happens to women when they go through puberty, hit menopause, become pregnant, or menstruate.

Ice - To instantly reduce swelling, close pores and lessen the severity of spots, wrap ice in a thin cloth and apply to the trouble spot.

Jajoba Oil - This botanical extract of the seed of the jajoba tree isn't actually an oil, but a wax ester, which is said to be the most similar to human skin oil (sebum). It is theorised that jojoba can 'trick' the skin into thinking it is producing enough oil, thus balancing oil production.

Kola Nut Extract - This is an ingredient found in the Clinique Anti-Blemish Solutions Cleansing Foam. It is a potent and natural anti-irritant that works to calm and soothe redness on blemished skin. It makes the cleanser a gentle solution for angry, acne-prone skin.

Lemon Juice
- An effective home acne treatment, it works as an astringent, antibacterial and antifungal. Mix the juice with honey or egg white and apply on acne with cotton ball/pad. Leave it on for 15 minutes.

Milk - Some studies seem to indicate a correlation between milk and acne because milk contains hormones, including androgens, which are associated with acne. Some farmer feed their cows hormones to stimulate milk production.

Non-comedogenic - When looking for face-care product, look for the words 'non-comedogenic' and 'non-acnegenic'. These products don't block pores.

Omega-3 Fatty Acids - Excessive fat intake may contribute to greater acne breakouts, but not all fats are bad. Good fats, such as Omega-3 Fatty Acids, actually help balance out oils in your skin for that healthy glow.

Popping Pimples - Very tempting but not recommended, as bacteria will spread more easily. But if you must pop a pimple, take a warm shower to soften the skin. Work only on zits with a distinct top that have a pus-filled centre. Gently prick the tip of the pimple with sterilised needle, wrap a cleap tissue around your index fingers and apply gentle pressure to the sides of the pimple to ease out the puse.

Quick Fit - Crush to aspirin tablets (they contain anti-inflammatory properties) and mix with cool water to make a paste. Apply to pimple is usually much less noticeable in the morning.

Salicylic Acid - The oil soluble Salicylic Acid is especially effective in penetrating the follicle and encouraging the shedding of dead skin cells.

Raw Food - Raw food diet has shown in some cases to eliminate acne. Typically, at least 75% of the diet must be living or raw and include unprocessed whole foods, such as fresh fruits and veggies, nuts, seeds, grains and seaweed.

Tea Tree Oil - Proven to be just as effective as benzoyl peroxide but with less dying side effect, the nourishing soothing the tea tree oil is a perfect, albeit, more expensive, alternative to benzoyl peroxide.

UV Rays - There's evidence that the sun's rays directly stimulate the sebaceous glands of the skin to produce more sebum, which would get trapped within narrowed hair follicles and result in whiteheads.

Vinegar - It's said to be an effective pimple remedy. Mix one part vinegar and 10 parts water. dab gently on pimple several times a day, but be wary of excessive use. Both regular vinegar and aple cider vinegar can kill bacteria and restore the skin's pH balance.

Water - Water is essential to skin health. Drinking at least six eight- ounce glasses of water a day provides your body the hydration it needs to form new collagen and built healthy skin. Water also helps remove toxins from the body.

X- Acne Dont's - Don't wash or exfoliate face too frequently, as this may irritate pores and lead to the very problem you're trying to avoid. Wash gently with bare hands twice a day and exfoliate twice a week without rubbing too vigorously. Keep hair off your face. hair oils and product residue can cause clogged pores.

Yogurt - Exceptionally effective in treating acne, it kills bacteria within hair follicles, strengthens the immune system and serves as natural astringent. Apply directly to skin o consume as it is.

Zzzzs - Get enough sleep because lack of sleep increases insulin resistance and the chance for inflammation, both of which are related to acne breakouts.
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